Submitted by egdaylight on

J. Kemeny. *Man Viewed as a Machine*. Scientific American, Vol. 192, No. 4, 1955.

This is a wonderful article about the advent of the "Turing Machine" concept in the 1950s.

It is yet another example in which logical and physical machines are conflated (from today's perspective):

"Turing's machines may be clumsy and slow, ..." [p.60]

"... this slows the universal machine down considerably." [p.61]

A pure mathematician today would presumably insist that each operation of a logical machine takes no time at all; see e.g. Paul Henry's *Mathematical Machines* in the book entitled: *The Machine as Metaphor and Tool*, edited by Haken et al., Springer-Verlag 1993.

[Last updated: 31 August 2020]